• Pedodontics

    Pedodontics

    Pedodontist (Pediatric Dentist) refers the dentists who have additionally received special training after graduating from the faculty of dentistry

Pedodontics

Who is a Pedodontist (Pediatric Dentist)?

  • Pedodontist (Pediatric Dentist) refers the dentists who have additionally received special training after graduating from the faculty of dentistry.
  • The pediatric dentist deals with the solution of your child's oral and dental problems from the newborn (0-28 days) period to the end of the adolescence (10-18 years) period.
  • Dental caries treatment, tooth extraction, tooth fractures (traumatic injuries), tooth surface cleaning, oral and dental health education, fluoride applications, tooth surface covering with caries protective materials (fissure-pit sealant), space maintainer applications are within the scope of the pediatric dentist's field of work.

 

What is the importance of milk teeth?

  • The understanding of "after all, this is just milk tooth, a new one will grow", which has come from the past to the present, is now changing. Parents are very conscious of the importance of milk teeth.
  • First, milk teeth are important for chewing.
  • Children who have decayed teeth and feel discomfort experience pain while eating and cannot get enough nutrition.
  • It has been reported that many children with growth and development disorders cannot receive adequate nutrition due to dental caries.

On the other hand, loss of milk teeth at an early age leads to incorrect positioning of the tongue in children and results in speech disorders and wrong swallowing habits (infantile swallowing).

  • Milk teeth are important to maintain the place of adult teeth until they grow.
  • While the teeth continue their formation in the jaw, they grow at certain ages according to their root development.
  • Until this time, the task of keeping the distance they will grow in the mouth belongs to the milk teeth.
  • Otherwise, as a result of the early loss of the milk teeth, loss of space occurs and orthodontic problems are experienced by the patient.

 

What is a space maintainer?

  • Milk teeth are responsible for maintaining their position on the jaw until the adult teeth grow under them.
  • However, unfortunately, milk teeth can be lost at an early age due to various reasons such as trauma and caries.
  • In such cases, appliances called space maintainers are used in order to prevent the loss of the existing distance by tipping the back teeth into the lost tooth space.
  • They are designed as fixed or movable, depending on the number of teeth lost and the position of the tooth.
  • There is no problem experienced for children to use them.

 

What other dental treatments are applied to children?

  • After providing the necessary clinical and radiographic controls to pediatric patients aged 0-16, according to the need, tooth extraction, fluoride applications, filling, fissure sealant, root canal treatment and amputation treatment conventionally known as small root canal treatment are applied.
  • In addition, removable appliances can be made in order to prevent the exacerbation of orthodontic problems at the initial stage.

 

When should we brush children's teeth for the first time?

  • When the teeth start to appear in the mouth (approximately 6 months), parents should brush their children's teeth with a clean gauze patch or brushes called finger brushes.
  • Brushing should be done in the morning and evening by choosing brushes suitable for the age range of children.
  • Children may not brush their teeth effectively because their motor functions do not develop until the age of 9.
  • Therefore, the help of parents is extremely important.

 

Why do black spots on milk teeth occur?

  • Black spots on teeth may be discoloration due to long-term medication (such as iron-containing syrups) during infancy and childhood, as well as initial caries.
  • These spots are evaluated by the dentist, it is decided whether they are decay or discoloration, and the necessary treatment is applied.
  • Discolorations look bad aesthetically. For this reason, it is beneficial to clean them in terms of the child's psychology.
  • On the other hand, it is possible and necessary to remove these spots at the initial stage with filling.

 

What is baby bottle tooth decay?

  • Although babies love to sleep with a bottle, this is a wrong attitude.
  • As a result of giving the baby bottles and pacifiers dipped in sweeteners such as honey and molasses to children, the formation of cavities accelerates.
  • It is known that "baby bottle tooth decay", which starts at a very young age and progresses rapidly, especially in front teeth, occurs in children whose pacifier use lasts longer than 1 year.

 

Why is fluoride used in children? Is it harmful?

  • The fact that fluoride is an important mineral that strengthens tooth enamel and protects teeth against decay, especially in children, is reported by the world's leading health organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO), the US Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and the American Dental Association (ADA).
  • In addition, the World Health Organization carries out projects on adding fluoride to water and milk in Africa, Asia and Europe, and fortifying fluoride in toothpastes, water, milk and salt in Africa, Asia and Europe within the framework of the Global Oral and Dental Health Program.
  • However, according to the report of the World Health Organization, it is pointed out that fluoride should be taken in sufficient quantities, otherwise it affects health negatively.